Droughts, increasing with the increasing population, but the water, which is the most important life source offered by our planet, to us in great danger. To prevent this, there are projects such as desalination of seawater, but these are very costly projects. But scientists also found a way to reduce the cost of desalination.
Scientists at the US Department of Energy’s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory are exploring cheaper ways to desalinate water. Ionic liquids are liquid salts bound to water and the wastes need to be separated from the water for future use. Scientists from the Berkeley Laboratory also studied the chemical structures of several types of ionic liquids in a study published in Nature Communications Chemistry.
The aim of scientists here is to find the I recipe en that will work best.
Kost The most recent reverse osmosis desalination works very well, but the cost of electrically driven reverse osmosis desalination is very high. Our research combines a low-cost source of heat (geothermal, solar energy or industrial hot waste produced by machinery) with thermally sensitive ionic liquids, which is a huge part of the cost. ”
Kostecki from the Berkeley Laboratory’s Energy Technologies Area collaborated with Jeff Urban, a scientist in the same laboratory, and conducted research on the behavior of ionic liquids in the water at the molecular level.
Using nuclear magnet resonance spectroscopy and dynamic light scattering, the team achieved an unexpected finding. Urban, efficient ionic liquid separation, based on the total ratio of organic components, he said. However, Berkeley Lab. The team realized that ionic liquid could be separated from seawater depending on the proximity of organic components to positively charged ions.
“This result was certainly not expected, Urban Urban said. Birlikte However, we now have design rules as to which atoms in the ionic liquids work harder on desalination”.
Ec Our study is a very important step in reducing the cost of desalination, Kost Kostecki said. It is also a great example of what is likely to happen in national laboratory systems.