Although the presence of superionic ice, both solid and liquid, can be demonstrated theoretically, it has not been possible to experimentally verify its existence to this day. It is believed that this ice also exists in Neptune and Uranus.
The researchers made superionic water. Superionic water has a strange feature that can be both solid and liquid at the same time.
Superionic water, Uranus, and Neptune are said to have been found on the outer planets of the solar system. This experiment can explain why the superionic ice theory, which has electric conduction properties like metals, is disproportionate to the magnetic field of Uranus and Neptune.
Superionic ice test in the world
The water molecules in superionic ice are held together in such a coherent way that the oxygen atoms form a rigid lattice structure. Positively charged hydrogen atoms can also pass freely through this structure. Hydrogen ions in the flow can also carry electric current.
Raymond Jeanloz, the author of the work and a professor of planetary and world sciences at the University of California, says, “This situation is like a melting ice of water.”
To carry out this experiment, the research team put the bouquet of water between two diamonds, applying a pressure of 25,000 times that of the world’s press. This experiment was conducted at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory.
The pressure-exposed ice was burned with six intensive layered ultraviolet light guns, warmed through shock waves and exposed to more pressures. As a result of all these operations, with the increase in the ice temperature, the density of the atmospheric pressure increased by 1.9 million times.
Superionic Ice in Uranus and Neptune
The layers of icy giant planets, such as Uranus and Neptune, may carry superionic ice. This type of ice structure creates different fields from the magnetic fields created at the center of a planet like Earth.
It was thought 30 years before the possibility of this ice could have existed. But although it has been proven by numerical simulations, the experiment phase is the first time that it has been realized.