There are some events that all humanity knows to be wrong, but they were made despite this, and they are the events that have been talked about after many years have passed. Do you know who made the atomic bombs that were dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki , which is still the target of criticism even though it ended World War II, which was the bloodiest years in the world, but caused the death of thousands of people? In this article, we will get to know the German-American physicist Robert Oppenheimer, who was at the beginning of the development process of the deterrent weapon.
The atomic bomb, one of the most heinous weapons ever invented by humanity, is a deterrent weapon that was started to be developed before World War II, but was completed towards the end of World War II and ended the war . The nuclear weapon, which Germany tried to develop but lost the war before it could end, was used by the USA for the first and last time during a war to deter Japan.
Who is this Robert Oppenheimer?
Born in New York on April 22, 1904 , German-born American physicist Robert Oppenheimer, is one of the most prestigious universities in the world, Harvard University, even today. He is a real person who studied physics in England and Germany after being educated at the university. Oppenheimer, who was put in charge of the Manhattan Project, which was created by the USA to develop a nuclear bomb during World War II, opposed the construction of the hydrogen bomb after the war, and was therefore accused by the USA of helping the Soviet Union. We need to divide Oppenheimer’s life into the atomic bombs developed in conjunction with Project Manhattan and the antidoll to the post-guilty atomic bombs.
A struggle against time and the death of thousands of people: The Manhattan Project
The main reason why the whole world heard the name Oppenheimer Manhattan Project . Thanks to this project, the first atomic bomb in the history of humanity was successfully produced, and as a result, World War II was brought to an end. The physicist Robert Oppenheimer was at the head of this project, which was continued between 1942 and 1945 . Since it was known that the Germans had started a similar project in 1940, the USA had to act quickly at this point. If a weapon of this strength fell into the hands of Hidollarser, the whole course of the war could change.
The USA was trying to run several different processes at the same time in this process. For the success of the project, a laboratory led by J. Robert Oppenheimer was established in an isolated area in New Mexico. In this laboratory, studies were carried out to create the raw material for the atomic bomb. A head suitable for nuclear padolling had to be developed and sold padollars in the key area after they were dropped from the aircraft. The aim was to make such a deterrent weapon viable early in the war.
The world’s first atomic bomb, the padollars were sold in the Trinity Test
Atomic bombs had to be tested before they could be used. The so-called Trinity Test was sold at 5:30 am on June 16, 1945 at Alamogordo airbase, 193 kilometers south of Albuquerque New Mexico. Scientists and officials watched the padollarm in a shelter located 9 kilometers away. This test revealed a mushroom cloud that expanded to 12,200 meters.
The first atomic bomb in history that produces a power equivalent to 15,000 – 20,000 tons of TNT padlocker, in the desert where it was tested , turned sand into glass in a radius of 730 meters. transformed. This historic test also ushered in the age of atomic bombs.
Japan continued to resist even though Germany lost
A need to use an atomic bomb to eliminate Germany, which lost the atomic bomb race was gone. However, Japan, an ally of Germany, continued to struggle, even though it was seen as certain that it would be defeated. A meeting was held in Potsdam, Germany, on July 26, 1945. At this meeting , the USA gave an ultimatum to Japan to surrender. According to this ultimatum, Japan would withdraw from the war and a “democratic” government would be established. If these are not provided, it said, Japan will be “quickly and en masse destroyed”. Japan rejected this ultimatum.
One of the most controversial events in the History of World War II: Dropping the atomic bombs
One of the key moments in a context where we describe Oppenheimer is the atom. is the sale of bombs as padollar. Deciding to apply a deterrent force to Japan, which rejected its ultimatum, the USA sold the atomic bomb Litdollarse Boy with fuel Uranium-235 padollar 550 meters above the city of Hiroshima of Japan . Dropped from the Enola Gay bomber at 08:15 local saadollarse on August 6, 1945, Litdollarse Boy was paddled after a 44.4-second free fall. According to the research, it was announced that 66,000 people died directly due to the impact of the paddling, and 69,000 people were injured at certain levels. Litdollarse Boy, with a power of 18 thousand tons of TNT, that is, 18 kilotons, was the first atomic bomb used for offensive purposes in the history of the world.
3 days after the first bomb was dropped on 6 August, another atomic bomb was dropped on Japan by the USA on 9 August 1945. The atomic bomb called Fat Man, dropped on the city of Nagasaki, Japan , used a plutonium core with inner padlocks. Although stronger than the Litdollarse Boy, it had less impact due to the rough terrain where it was thrown.
Did these guns need to be sold as padollar?
2 Japanese cities to bring the war to an end; The USA , which destroyed babies, children, old, young and animals, is still criticized for this reason even today. 1 day after the atomic bomb dropped on Nagasaki; that is, Japan, which declared that it would give up on August 10, 1945, officially announced that it gave up on August 14, 1945. Although the USA says that it dropped these bombs to end the war, many historians say that Japan will give up anyway, and that the atomic bombs did not have a different effect on the decision to give up. The atomic bombs, which had an unprecedented impact in history, may have been dropped because the USA wanted to be the world leader by making a show of power.
A father who hates what he has created
Robert Oppenheimer, who is known as the father of the nuclear bomb, A scientist who regrets what he has done. Oppenheimer, expresses the following words about the scene he saw after the first nuclear bomb test:
“We knew the world would not be the same anymore. Some of us laughed, some of us cried. Many of us were silent. I thought of Indian writings. A line came from the Bhadavad-Gita. As Vishnu tries to persuade the Prince to do his duty, he takes his many-armed form to impress him and says: ‘I am now Death, the destroyer of worlds.’ I guess one way or another we’ve all thought about it.”
Oppenheimer, who succeeded in developing the nuclear bomb with great efforts, was afraid of the sight he saw in front of him. It is known that he even suffered a great remorse for the pain he caused and that he had a conflict with the then US President Truman, who ordered the dropping of the atomic bombs.
The man who produced the nuclear bomb started to oppose nuclear weapons
who thought he had a share in the deaths of thousands, and perhaps even indirectly, millions of people. Oppenheimer, opposed the construction of hydrogen bombs , which were developed after the war and were much more powerful than the fission-operated atomic bombs used during the war. After these objections, Oppenheimer, who was accused of helping communist and Soviet Union agents in the USA, was cleared of these charges, but it was decided to keep military secrets from him.
This genius physicist, who perhaps gave the United States one of the greatest powers in the entire world, was cleared of all accusations by being awarded the Enrico Fermi award by US President Johnson in 1964. Oppenheimer, who retired in 1966, died in 1967.
Physicist who thinks his hands are bloody
Oppenheimer, who probably lived with a guilty conscience until the last moment of his life , to President Truman He is also known for his phrase “to have bloody hands” . The then US President Truman angrily replied, ” Don’t worry about him, that blood is on my hands ” and says he doesn’t want to see Oppenheimer again.
According to some historians, it is thought that Oppenheimer was not very upset by the atomic bombs dropped on Japan, , but feared that the Earth would be destroyed by wars using atomic energy in the future.
Of course, it is not known what Oppenheimer was upset about or whether he felt guilty or not, but thanks to the successful project , he managed to make the USA a power for a long time if we mudolled. Even today, the effect of nuclear weapons is behind the USA’s being such a deterrent power.
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