OPPO has published the first 6G report by the Research Institute named ‘6G AI-Cube Intelligent Networking’. As one of the telecom industry’s most comprehensive research on how AI can power 6G network architecture, the report proposes a more detailed vision for the design of next-generation communication networks. Currently, OPPO has set up a preliminary research team to learn about 6G service and technology requirements, key technologies and system features.
OPPO believes that 6G will reshape the way people interact with AI like never before, allowing AI to become a truly public service technology that can be used by everyone. Intelligent products powered by 6G will become key elements of AI, downloading and deploying AI algorithms at different application levels to create new experiences, constantly collecting data to build more advanced AI models.
For example, in the case of autonomous vehicles, 6G networks will be able to allocate the most appropriate AI algorithm and optimal communication link based on the location of the vehicle and the available physical environment (e.g. time of day, weather). The vehicle will be able to instantly download and run artificial intelligence algorithms, allowing the vehicle to provide the safest and most comfortable journey for the passenger.
“Technological development must be forward-looking,” said Henry Tang, OPPO 5G Chief of Science. Mobile communication technology is evolving in decades, and standardization of next-generation communication technology is expected in 2025 and commercial implementation in 2035. Looking at 2035, OPPO predicts that the number of smart agents in the world will exceed the number of people. Therefore, 6G, the next generation communication technology, should be able to serve the needs of all kinds of people, not just people. In line with this goal, we carried out early technical research and system design.”
6G will revolutionize how AI contributes, learns, interacts and is applied to results, solving many of the traditional problems faced in AI development, such as data silos and user privacy. The report suggests dividing AI resources into different domains to alleviate some of the current limitations of AI algorithms. AI domains organized by specific resources under the 6G network will provide appropriate strategies for accurate AI model allocation, network resource planning, and data sharing.
Currently, the limited computing power and storage capacity of smart devices make it difficult for them to use large and generalized artificial intelligence algorithms. The custom artificial intelligence that can run on these devices cannot meet the big data demands of most users. But under 6G networks, multiple roles can be assumed, such as an AI domain, a traditional base station, database, AI model repository, and application server.
Within the scope of the proposed network, 6G devices will be allocated to an artificial intelligence domain according to the device’s location and requirements. This AI domain will then use the most appropriate AI algorithm needed to deliver the desired service, while providing the most appropriate communication link to perform the respective tasks. Unlike 4G and 5G networks, the artificial intelligence used for decision making in 6G networks will be organically integrated on the device and network side.
OPPO will continue to conduct preliminary research on 6G technology, which will help create the world’s 6G standard colors in the near future. Making a significant contribution to the adoption of 5G, OPPO will lead the development of the Internet of Experience through the evolution of communications technology, while continuing to work with its partners to promote the large-scale commercialization of 5G.