There are many different features that distinguish human beings from other living things. Some of these features are quite clear: we all know features such as the ability to use the thumb, perception of time, and upright walking. Playing music is actually a human skill.
Being able to listen to music is a human characteristic, but how exactly can we understand music? What is the difference between us and other creatures?
Understanding our brain
“If our brains were so simple that we could understand it, we would still be too simple to understand it. “ – Jostein Gaarder
“Music is the expression of eternity.” -Schelling
“I can’t hear your buddy bass or anything.” -I
Playing music is our brains almost every part of it works. Neuroscientist Kiminobu Sugaya, who has been teaching “Music and the Brain” for 15 years at the University of California, also explains the effect of music playing on the human mind.
When we look from a neurological perspective, different parts of our brain was differently affected we can see. Explaining these effects step by step will perhaps enable us to see the effect of music on the brain.
What happens in the dark parts of our brain while playing music:
- Frontal Lobe: This region, which is normally used to think, make decisions and make plans, is more developed in humans than other living things. Playing music also strengthens the Frontal Lobe.
- Temporal Lobe: We can understand what we hear thanks to the temporal lobe located in both the right and left spheres of our brain. While listening to music, part of this region makes it possible to understand sounds and music, and some to words.
- Broca Area: This area, which allows us to speak, is also influential on how we communicate and has an important role in our ability to produce music. According to experts, this region is the reason why making music improves communication skills.
- Wernicke’s Area: We can understand written and spoken language thanks to this region. We owe our analysis and enjoyment of music to this field.
- Occipital Lobe: This part actually helps us to understand what we see. Musicians use this part while performing a piece, while ordinary citizens like me use the temporal lobe.
- Cerebellum: Harekedollar is the part that manages the serial and physical memory. Music talents, which are acquired through muscle memory, are stored here. The importance of practice comes from running this part.
- Nucleus Accumbens: This part enables us to understand the concepts of pleasure and reward. Dopamine secretion happens here. Thanks to the same region that we enjoy music.
- Amygdala: It is our distinguished brain region that processes and triggers our emotions. It is the reason why we feel emotional, laugh and cry while singing the songs.
- Hippocampus: The hippocampus region where our memories are formed, stored, our emotional reactions are organized and we use to navigate is exactly “Don’t play that song, it has a memory!” When we say, it becomes the part we use.
- Hypothalamus: We can control the hormone and chemical secretion thanks to this part that enables the union of the endocrine system and the nervous system. Sleep, food, metabolism, growth, sexuality etc. The Hypothalamus, which governs the functions, enables us to physically react to that music while playing music. Do you relax while playing classical music? Hypothalamus.
- Corpus Callosum: The task of enabling the right and left parts of our brain to communicate belongs to this part. Thus, we can make a coordinated movement and use our logic and hunches.
- Putamen: It is the part that processes the sense of rhythm and ensures the coordination of our body movement. When the music plays, the amount of dopamine in this part increases. As a result, we react more to rhythm.
How do we understand music?
“Those who do not hear the sound of music think those who dance are crazy.” -Friedrich Nietzsche
We understood how different parts of the human brain are affected by music. So how does our brain react when we hear music? Putting together independent sounds to call it music what causes it?
Music first in the voice is starting. As the sounds repeat, we begin to understand it in a loop. Moreover, this situation is the same all over the world and each reputation has some kind of musical understanding.
Other creatures have different developmental processes in brain development. For example, people hit per minute, so rhythms can follow. Although there are other animals that can do this, not all of them do. Not all of those who do can keep up with the pace.
Frets and melodies
As the rhythms repeat a curtain. Being able to bring these frets together and get a melody or see the melody is an even rarer feature. For example, to an animal you teach a melody, at higher pitches tries to learn timbre from scratch if you play sound.
Of these curtains ways of perceiving
It may differ from . For example, both the maqams of American Art Music and the notes of Western music basically mean the same thing, but both the way the octaves are separated and their naming are different.
Our language and communication skills are another important part. being able to understand words adds to the equation. Being able to put all the pieces together and understand music and give meaning to songs is known as something that only people can do.
Is music for human?
To summarize in general, the human brain thanks to its advanced structure can make sense of what we perceive as music. Bringing together different facts one by one, collecting missing pieces, and even adding words on it, is possible thanks to the skills of people.
Music is such a part of human life that it’s just very small minorities cannot detect the factors that make up the music. They also only have one point of trouble. Someone who has completely lost the capacity to perceive music is not yet included in the enrollments.