BERLIN – Capital Berlin is getting ready to host the biggest international summit of recent years. It has been announced that 4,000 police officers have been commissioned to protect the presidents, prime ministers and delegations, and the entry and exit of the Prime Ministry Building, where the conference will be held, is prohibited. The flight ban over Berlin is also among the planned security measures.
A police official announced that the highest level of security measures will be taken for President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan and Russian President Vladimir Putin, who will attend the conference. A spokesman for the German Foreign Ministry announced that most of the leaders, including Erdogan, are expected to Berlin this evening.
Heads of state and government of 12 countries, including host Germany, were invited to the meeting. Together with Erdogan and Putin, UN Secretary-General António Guterres, French President Emmanuel Macron and British Prime Minister Boris Johnson, US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo, Italian Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte are the names announced to come to the summit.
Two important actors of the civil war in Libya, United Nations-recognized National Reconciliation Government leader Fayez El Sarrac, and General Caliph Khafter, who fought against the government, are also invited to the conference and both are coming to the conference.
German Foreign Minister Heiko Maas, who met with Hafter in Benghazi, Libya on Thursday, announced that he is ready to contribute to the success of the Libya Conference and to attend the conference, which is unknown whether he will come to Berlin before.
EU, African Union and Arab League representatives are also on the list of guests.
The summit, which has been preliminary, will begin tomorrow when Prime Minister Angela Merkel meets the leaders and delegations in front of the Prime Ministry Building. Participants will then come together ‘open-ended’ to address the issues of the ceasefire and permanent peace in Libya.
Angela Merkel described the conference as the first step in a long process while describing the goal as “leading the start of a political process in transitioning to an environment of peace” and ending the conflict in the country.
It was learned from the diplomatic circles that a 6-page draft text was prepared, which was aimed to be explained at the end of the conference. In the text, it is envisaged to make deferred elections and to establish a national government and to establish technical commissions to follow the cease-fire without specifying any date.
It is suggested that the process of implementing these decisions be followed by the technical commissions to be established after the conference. According to the information received, the deployment of a military mission created by EU countries in Libya will be on the agenda in order to make the ceasefire and peace permanent.
There is no integrity in the EU and among other participants so far. Italy and Britain take a stance from the UN-recognized Sarrac government, while France supports Hafter. Hafter and Russia not invited to the conference, while supporting Greece, Turkey, is located next to the National Reconciliation Government.